The higher education system in Canada is not very different from the American education system, with a little influence from Britain.
There are mainly three types of institutions:
Public Universities: Public universities in Canada are run by the provincial, territorial or federal government funding besides receiving the tuition fees from students.
Private Universities: Private universities in Canada are mostly funded by donations and research grants. These universities do not receive funding from the government bodies.
Liberal Arts Colleges: Liberal arts colleges in Canada are pretty similar to that in the USA. These are either public or private colleges, with a primary emphasis on undergraduate courses in liberal arts.